Classic Araceae Studies Translated

This webpage presents translations by Simon Mayo of classic texts relevant to Araceae systematics, including historical material. The translations are only intended to be sufficient for wider understanding. 

Works by A. Engler

Engler, A. 1876. Vergleichende Untersuchungen über die morphologischen Verhältnisse der Araceae. I. Theil. Natürliches System der Araceae. Nova Acta der Ksl. Leop.-Carol.-Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher 39 (3):  133 – 155. This is Engler's own account of his first classification of the Araceae.

Engler, A. 1879. Review of Aroideae Maximilianae. Bot. Zeitung (Leipzig) 37: 853-856 (1879). This is interesting for giving an insight into Engler's views on Schott's taxonomy of Araceae, as well as mentioning  Engler's own visit to study Schott's material and icones.

Engler, A. 1881. Ueber die morphologischen Verhältnisse und die geographische Verbreitung der Gattung Rhus, sowie der mit ihr verwandten, lebenden und ausgestorbenen Anacardiaceae. Bot.Jahrb.Syst. 1: 365 – 426, plate IV. An excellent example of Engler’s earlier style of phylogenetic explanation, which seems to rely more on Haeckel’s monophyletic viewpoint than Nägeli’s polyphyletic concept.

Engler, A. 1884. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Araceae V.  12. Über den Entwicklungsgang in der Familie der Araceen und über die Blütenmorphologie derselben. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 141 – 188, 287 – 336. Taf. I – V.  This is an important work for understanding Engler's ideas on evolution in the Araceae, and also shows how he was influenced by  C.W. Nägeli in this respect (although he does not mention Nägeli by name).

Biographies of H.W. Schott

Riedl, H. (1965). Heinrich Wilhelm Schott:[ On the 100th anniversary of his death on 5 March 1965]. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 68: 3-8.  This is a German language biography of H.W. Schott, which is considerably more detailed than his Taxon paper on the same subject (see next). Riedl also discusses here Schott's aesthetic and intellectual contributions in regard to the design of the Schoenbrunn Gardens, for which he was famous in his day.

Riedl, H. (1965). Heinrich Wilhelm Schott (1794-1865). Taxon 14(7): 209-213.  This is an English language biography with a list of Schott's publications.

Fenzl, E. (1865). Heinrich Wilhelm Schott (1865).  [A biography]. Wien. Aus der k.k. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei.  This is a German language biography by Edouard Fenzl who was a colleague and friend of Schott. It is notable for the more personal details provided of Schott's character, and also for details of his time in Brazil.

Works about E.H.G. Ule

Harms, H. 1915. Ernst Ule. Nachruf. Mit Bildnis. Verhandlungen des botanischen Vereins der Provinz Brandenburg 57: 150-184. Translation by M. Schultz, S. Mayo, I.M. Andrade, T.A. Pontes.

Works by Heinrich Wawra

Wawra, H. 1879. Aroideae Maximilianae. Oester. Bot. Zeitschr. 29: 400-402. This is a review with much important detail about the history of the Aroideae Maximilianae published by J. Peyritsch (1879). Wawra was the chief botanist of the 1859-1860 Austrian expedition to Brazil which collected the plants described and illustrated in the book.

Taxonomic name: 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith